GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

  • List of Honourable Ministers as at May 29, 2011
  • Political System: Nigeria is a federal republic with a presidential system. The constitution provides for separation of powers among the three branches of government. General elections held in February 1999 marked the end of 15 years of military rule and the beginning of civilian rule based on a multiparty democracy. General elections were held for the second consecutive time in April 2003. In both elections, President Olusegun Obasanjo and his party, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), were victorious. Despite the consolidation of democratic rule following years of military dictatorship, some feared that in the absence of a clear successor, the incumbent president might seek to amend the constitution so that he could run for a third term in 2007. Obasanjo was reputed to have a variety of motives for seeking a third term or at least leaving the issue open: aspirations to see his economic and political reforms through to completion, concerns about being impaired by the perception of lame-duck status, and a desire to block his rival, Vice President Atiku Abubakar, from assuming power. U.S. Government officials expressed concerns about the potential destabilizing impact of such a move. In May 2006, however, the Nigerian Senate rejected a constitutional amendment that would have permitted a third term. In 21st April 2007, a Presidential Election was held that herald in Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’Adua from the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) as President.

    On May 2010, President Yar'adua died at the State House, Abuja after a protracted illness. In line with the provisions of the constitution, the Vice President, Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, GCFR, who has been functioning as Acting President, was sworn in as the President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Nigeria on Thursday, 6th of May, 2010. He has declared his intention to stand as a candidate in the Presidential election scheduled to hold in the first quarter of 2011. He is running, alongside others on the platform of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and candidates from other opposition parties.

    Constitution: Nigeria’s current constitution, the fourth since independence, went into effect on May 29, 1999. Modeled after the U.S. Constitution, it provides for separation of powers among a strong executive, an elected legislature, and an independent judiciary. Critics of the constitution complain that the federal government retains too much power at the expense of the states. Although the constitution proclaims personal freedom and a secular state, it also permits Muslims to apply Sharia, or Islamic law.

    The 1999 constitution, which was bequethed by the military has witnessed its first amendments, focussing essentialy on electoral reform. These was adopted by the National Assembly in July 2010.

    Branches of Government: Executive power is vested in the president, who is simultaneously chief of state and head of government. The president is eligible for two four-year terms. The president’s Federal Executive Council, or cabinet, includes representatives from all 36 states. The National Assembly, consisting of a 109-member Senate and a 360-member House of Representatives, constitutes the country’s legislative branch. Three senators represent each of Nigeria’s 36 states, and one additional senator represents the capital city of Abuja. Seats in the House of Representatives are allocated according to population. Therefore, the number of House members from each state differs. Members of the National Assembly are elected to a maximum of two four-year terms. The judicial branch comprises the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the Federal High Court, and, on the state level, high courts, sharia courts, and customary courts. The president appoints members of the Supreme Court, subject to confirmation by the Senate.

    Administrative Divisions: Nigeria is divided administratively into the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) and 36 states, which are organized into the following six geo-political zones: South-West Zone—Lagos, Ekiti, Ogun, Ondo, Oshun, and Oyo; South-South Zone—Akwa, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Ibom, and Rivers; South-East Zone—Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo; North-West Zone—Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Jigawa, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara; North-Central Zone—Benue, Kogi, Kwara, Nassarawa, Niger, and Plateau; and North-East Zone—Adamawa, Bauchi, Bornue, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe.

    Provincial and Local Government: Each of Nigeria’s 36 states has an elected governor and a House of Assembly. The governor is elected to a maximum of two four-year terms. The number of delegates to the House of Assembly is based on population (three to four times the number of delegates each state sends to the Federal House of Representatives) and therefore varies from state to state within the range of 24 to 40. Nigeria’s states are subdivided into 774 local government areas, each of which is governed by a council that is responsible for supplying basic needs. The local government councils, which are regarded as the third tier of government below the federal and state levels, receive monthly subsidies from a national “federation account.” Critics contend that the division of the country into so many districts is a vestige of military rule that is arbitrary, wasteful, and inefficient.

    Judicial and Legal System: Nigeria’s legal system is based on a combination of statutory (legislative) law, English common law, customary law, and, in the north, Islamic law (sharia). Nigeria’s federal and state courts apply statutory and English common law, whereas local courts recognize the legitimacy of customary and Islamic law. The deficiencies in existing legal and Criminal Justice System partially explain the popularity of Islamic law in the 12 northern states. Sharia is criticized for the imposition of draconian penalties, although no death penalties have so far been carried out on the basis of Sharia law.

    Electoral System: The president and members of the bicameral National Assembly, consisting of a 109-member Senate and a 360-member House of Representatives, are elected to a maximum of two four-year terms. Universal suffrage at age 18 applies to all elections. Winning candidates are determined according to the British first-past-the-post system, whereby a plurality of the votes ensures victory. Also under this system, members of the National Assembly represent distinct geographic constituencies. International observers and several Nigerian parties alleged procedural improprieties in the most recent elections in 2007. The Independent National Electoral Commission, which was responsible for administering the elections, was criticized for a lack of transparency.

    Mass Media: The government controls and regulates most of Nigeria’s broadcast media through the National Broadcasting Commission. Radio is the most important mass medium for reaching general audiences because it is inexpensive and does not require literacy. The federal government owns stations affiliated with the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, individual states control other stations, and still others are privately owned. The Voice of Nigeria broadcasts in Arabic, English, French, and five indigenous languages. Some Voice of Nigeria broadcasts are aimed at domestic audiences; others, primarily shortwave, are transmitted around the globe. Similar to the market for radio broadcasts, the federal government owns two stations affiliated with the National Television Authority, various states have their own stations, and private operators broadcast by satellite. Nigerians also obtain news via Voice of America, the British Broadcasting Company (BBC), and Deutsche Welle. In contrast to the broadcast media, the print media are dominated by private publications, a situation that is more amenable to criticism of the government. Nigeria has 14 major daily newspapers, but only one—the New Nigerian—is government-owned. The country also has six newsweeklies and various tabloids. The government does not restrict access to the Internet, which is most widely available at cybercafés, and increasingly so in the Work places and at Private homes.

    Foreign Relations: Nigeria’s foreign policy revolves primarily around African affairs and emphasizes political and economic cooperation, peaceful dispute resolution, and global nonalignment. Regionally, Nigeria pursues tariff harmonization and the long-term goal of a customs union via the Economic Community of West African States, which it was instrumental in founding. Nigeria is also active in the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, which seeks to improve economic conditions in Africa by eliminating trade barriers to exports and attracting investment and development aid. Nigeria maintains excellent relations with its neighbors having fully complied with the 2002 decision of the International Court of Justice in favor of Cameroon over control of the Bakasi Peninsula. Since mid-1998, Nigeria’s relations with the United States have improved steadily in accordance with Nigeria’s transition from military rule to democracy. Nigeria has also supported the United States-led war on terrorism. In March 2006, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo met with President George W. Bush in Washington, DC, to discuss the U.S.-Nigerian relationship. With a touch of drama immediately before the meeting, Nigeria turned over the exiled former Liberian leader Charles Taylor to a United Nations court in Sierra Leone to face allegations of war crimes. Nigeria is seeking a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. President Yar'Adua was also received in washington by President Bush in December 2007.

    Membership in International Organizations: Nigeria belongs to the following international organizations: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States; African Development Bank; African Union; Commonwealth; Economic Community of West African States; Food and Agriculture Organization; Group of 15; Group of 24; Group of 77; International Atomic Energy Agency; International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank); International Chamber of Commerce; International Civil Aviation Organization; International Confederation of Free Trade Unions; International Criminal Court; International Criminal Police Organization; International Development Association; International Finance Corporation; International Fund for Agricultural Development; International Hydrographic Organization; International Labor Organization; International Olympic Committee; International Maritime Organization; International Monetary Fund; International Organization for Migration; International Organization for Standardization; International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement; International Telecommunication Union; Multilateral Investment Geographic Agency; Nonaligned Movement; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; Organization of the Islamic Conference; Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries; Permanent Court of Arbitration; United Nations; Universal Postal Union; World Customs Organization; World Federation of Trade Unions; World Health Organization; World Intellectual Property Organization; World Meteorological Organization; World Tourism Organization; and World Trade Organization.

    Major International Treaties: Nigeria is a party to the following nonproliferation agreements: Biological Weapons Convention, Chemical Weapons Convention, Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, and Partial Test Ban Treaty. Regarding the environment, Nigeria is a party to the following agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, and Wetlands. Shortly after September 11, 2001, Nigeria ratified a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the United States. The treaty, whose ratification had been held up for 12 years, includes provisions for cooperation on anticrime, antidrug, and counter-terrorism initiatives.

    PASSPORT PROCESSING APPOINTMENT WITH THE NIGERIA HIGH COMMISSION LONDON IS NOW COMPULSORY



    VERY IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR ALL PASSPORT APPLICANTS

         AS WE PREVIOUSLY ANNOUNCED ON THIS WEBSITE AND OTHER SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS, PASSPORT PROCESSING BOOKING DATE MUST BE SECURED BEFORE MAKING YOUR WAY TO THE NIGERIA HIGH COMMISSION TO PROCESS YOUR PASSPORT.

         WITH IMMEDIATE EFFECT, THE OLD PASSPORT BOOKING APPOINTMENT WITH SLOT NUMBER WILL NO LONGER BE ACCEPTED, AND IT IS NOW REPLACED WITH "PASSPORT APPOINTMENT BOOKING" WITH ALLOCATED DATE AND TIME FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT. THIS TIME MUST BE STRICTLY RESPECTED.


         THE PASSPORT PROCESSING BOOKING DATE CAN BE OBTAINED ONLY FROM THE NIGERIA HIGH COMMISSION WEBSITE (NOT FROM THE NIGERIA IMMIGRATION SERVICE WEBSITE), AND TAKE NOTE THAT THIS APPOINTMENT DATE IS COMPLETELY DIFFERENT FROM THE "INTERVIEW DATE" - PRINTED ON THE PASSPORT PAYMENT SLIP AFTER MAKING PAYMENT ON THE NIGERIA IMMIGRATION SERVICE WEBSITE.   THE DATE ON PASSPORT PAYMENT SLIP, AS THE NAME IMPLIES, IS AN INTERVIEW DATE AND NOT PASSPORT PROCESSING APPOINTMENT DATE WITH THE NIGERIA HIGH COMMISSION IN LONDON.

    TAKE NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING

    1.  COLLECTION OF PASSPORT FROM THE DAY BIOMETRIC CAPTURING IS 10 WORKING DAYS ;

    2.      APPLICANTS WITHOUT A PRINTED COPY OF PASSPORT PROCESSING BOOKING DATE(OBTAINABLE ONLY FROM NIGERIA HIGH COMMISSION WEBSITE) WILL NOT BE ALLOWED ENTRY INTO THE HIGH COMMISSION;

    3.  ALL PASSPORT BOOKING APPOINTMENTS WILL BE VERIFIED ON OUR APPOINTMENT BOOKING SYSTEM;

    4. ONLY THE APPLICANT NAMES THAT APPEAR ON OUR APPOINTMENT BOOKING SYSTEM CAN BE PROCESSED;

    5.  APPLICANTS WITH FAKE APPOINTMENT BOOKING WILL BE SANCTIONED;

    6.  THE OLD APPOINTMENT BOOKING WITH SLOT NUMBER WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED;

    7.  MISSED APPOINTMENT MUST BE REBOOKED. HOWEVER, IF YOUR INTERVIEW DATE IS GONE, BUT NOT FOR MORE THAN 6 MONTHS, YOU CAN STILL MAKE A PASSPORT APPOINTMENT BOOKING. SIMPLY INPUT A FUTURE DATE AS INTERVIEW DATE. FOR EXAMPLE: IF TODAY IS MARCH 5, 2018 BUT YOUR INTERVIEW DATE IS ALREADY GONE, FOR EXAMPLE FEBRUARY 20,2018, SIMPLY INPUT ANY FUTURE DATE AS YOUR INTERVIEW DATE, E.G. MARCH 15, 2018.


    USEFUL LINKS ON HOW TO BOOK YOUR PASSPORT PROCESSING APPOINTMENT

    - Click here for more information on how to book your appointment online from the Nigeria High Commission website

    - Click here to secure PASSPORT PROCESSING APPOINTMENT DATE ON myVisit PLATFORM OF NIGERIA HIGH COMMISSION

    *Note that appointment can be booked not only from computer desktops, but also from your mobile phones, iPads or Tablets. Simply download and install "MyVisit" app from Apple Store (For iPhones and iPads), and Google Play Store (For Android mobile phones, and tablets).


    HOW TO CHECK IF YOUR PASSPORT IS READY FOR COLLECTION

    - Click here to check if your passport is ready for collection

    RESUMPTION OF POSTAL SERVICES

         WITH EFFECT FROM MONDAY MARCH 5, 2018, APPLICANTS LIVING OUTSIDE LONDON CAN REQUEST TO HAVE THEIR REISSUED PASSPORT DELIVERED TO THEM BY SPECIAL DELIVERY POSTAL SERVICES. INTERESTED APPLICANTS, MUST SUBMIT A SPECIAL DELIVERY SELF-ADDRESSED ENVELOPE TO IMMIGRATION SECTION, IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE BIOMETRIC CAPTURE.


    Immigration Section
    Nigeria High Commission
    London.